Quantum Computing in Research Perspective
Quantum computers have high parallel computing power and can be used for many applications. Here are some useful snippets on how quantum computing can be used in research.
Quantum in Fuel Cells
Airbus, BMW Group, and Quantinuum, world leaders in mobility and quantum technologies, have developed a hybrid quantum-classical workflow to speed up future research using quantum computers to simulate quantum systems, focusing on the chemical reactions of catalysts in fuel cells.
Improved Lithographic Techniques
A small-scale but classically intractable computation that might be possible on a quantum machine is finding the energies of the ground and excited states of small photoactive molecules, which could improve lithography techniques for semiconductor manufacturing and revolutionize drug design. Another is simulating the singlet and triplet states of a single oxygen molecule, which is of interest to battery researchers.
Drug discovery and materials-science applications
Drug discovery and materials-science applications might require quantum computers that can perform a trillion decoherence-free operations, according to current estimates. Financial applications, such as risk management, as well as materials science and logistics optimization, also have a high chance of benefiting from quantum computation in the near term. Still, no one is taking their eyes off the longer-term, more speculative applications, including quantum versions of machine learning.
Using Quantinuum’s H-Series quantum computer, the collaboration team has demonstrated the applicability of quantum computing in an industrial workflow to enhance our understanding of a critical chemical reaction. The three companies plan further collaboration to explore the use of quantum computing to address relevant industrial challenges.
As a pioneer in the global automotive market, BMW Group recognizes the transformative potential of quantum computing and its importance in researching new materials, where it can enable faster and more efficient processes while reducing lab prototypes. Approaching and accurately simulating one of the most fundamental electrochemical processes for the first-time using quantum computing marks a substantial step towards the sustainable energy transition, benefiting metal-air batteries, and other products with enhanced efficiency.
In our quest for sustainable and hydrogen powered alternatives such as the ZEROe aircraft, which may operate on fuel cell engines. The study confirms that quantum computing is maturing at the scale we need for aviation. Airbus has identified hydrogen as a promising candidate to power low-carbon aircraft, because it emits no CO2 when flying, when generated from renewable energy. The company previously announced plans to start testing a hydrogen-powered fuel cell propulsion system onboard its ZEROe demonstrator aircraft in the next few years. The company has the ambition to develop the world’s first hydrogen-powered commercial aircraft for market entry by 2035.
“Future quantum computers and quantum-inspired techniques promise to address these challenges and make Generative AI more accessible, efficient, and advanced. The increased processing power of Quantum Computers can enable faster computations than the classical computer by harnessing the principles of quantum mechanics. This may allow for faster processing of large-scale generative models, enabling more complex and realistic outputs within shorter timeframes.”
The advent of Quantum Computing is paving the way for novel forms of cyber-attacks, including the concept of ‘harvest now, decrypt later. This implies that cyber attackers could store encrypted data today and decrypt it later using a sufficiently powerful Quantum computer. “Recognising this trend, we’re actively developing capabilities in solutions for Post-Quantum Cryptography and Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) to help enterprises mitigate these risks.
National Quantum Mission
The Indian government greenlit the National Quantum Mission (NQM) with a budget of INR 6003.65 crore spanning from 2023-24 to 2030-31. The mission’s objective is to foster scientific and industrial R&D, nurture growth in Quantum technology, and create a dynamic and innovative Quantum technology ecosystem.
Field of photonics and materials science
The competition between electrons generates a drastic decrease of the light absorption in such materials, increasing their laser-induced transparency. The observation of such properties paves the way for new research horizons in the field of photonics and materials science, for future applications in optical and quantum computing.
The NASSCOM-Avasant study also found that India is planning to develop a quantum computer with a capacity of 50 qubits by 2026. However, the development of smaller-scale devices (quantum simulators, sensors, etc.) is expected to take place much sooner.
Defence and Banking
Defence, banking, high-tech, and manufacturing sectors are expected to lead the charge when it comes to quantum computing — for both critical and large-scale use cases. The technology is largely expected to reach critical maturity by 2026 or 2027, which will then lead to a boost in enterprise adoption.
QIQB is involved in the Japanese government initiative Moonshot Goal 6, which aims to realize a fault-tolerant quantum computer to revolutionize the economy, industry, and security by 2050. Under this program in the Quantum Cyberspace with Networked Quantum Computer project, the centre’s researchers are working on experimental projects to build a quantum network.
Hyundai Motors and AISIN Group, have started exploring quantum computing capabilities in electric vehicle batteries, autonomous vehicles, and material research.Improving per capita income, changing consumer preferences, and tightening emission norms have further increased competition among the regional players to sustain their market hold. This quantum computing technology can help them remain competitive in the coming years.
Global Healthcare Quantum Computing
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