Plagiarism involves taking the expressions or thoughts of someone else, without praising the original creator fairly. Plagiarism occasionally includes the intentional copying of someone’s job, but it occurs unintentionally, by thoughtlessness or inattentiveness. The word plagiarism is derived from Latin word “Plagiare” means to kidnap.
Types of Plagiarism
Buying or borrowing or cut-copy-paste” or using some others work partly or completely without giving adequate credit to the original author results in intentional plagiarism.
Using some others work with wrong paraphrasing or improper citation refers to unintentional plagiarism.
- Plagiarism of ideas
Ideas or thoughts of others without giving adequate credit to the original authors.
- Plagiarism of text/direct plagiarism/word-for-word plagiarism
Copying a portion of text from another source without giving credit to its author.
- Mosaic plagiarism (patchwork plagiarism)
The author fails to write in his own words and “uses the same words or phrases or paragraphs of the original source.
Stealing or borrowing some amount of work” from his or her previously published articles refers to self-plagiarism.
TO MAKE SURE YOUR ARTICLE IS FREE OF PLAGIARISM, ADOPT FOLLOWING BASIC STEPS:
1. Make note of the analysis sources you are working with.
Take account about every source you refer like books and articles. And also consider websites, magazine articles, and videos referred. This helps you to quickly examine where you’ve noticed a word, detail or concept you like to include in your article. Try not to copy–paste the text from the reference paper. Instead, restate the idea in your own words. Also, understand the idea(s) of the reference source.
2. Paraphrasing or quoting your own references (and inserting your own ideas).
Quoting is copying of text word for word. The copied content should be written with your own words with quotation marks, as well as referred accurately to the original writer.
3. Point out the original author in a citation section as well as in collection of references in the article.
Each time you cite or paraphrase, you should provide an in-text citation for describing the original author. Also it sometimes involves the year of publication as well as a page number. Each in-text quotation shall correlate a full reference at the later part of your article in the reference section or bibliography. This fully explains where the data came from, enabling your viewers to pinpoint their own source. There are several different kinds of citation, but it has its own rules for quotation. Among the most popular are APA, MLA as well as Chicago Style. The most essential thing is to continuously implement one style over the entire text.
Also, identify what does and does not need to be cited.
- Any words or ideas that are not your own but taken from another paper need to be cited.
- Cite your own material, if you are using content from your previous paper.
- The scientific evidence you gathered after performing your tests should not be cited.
4. Choose a plagiarism checker tool and check your article in it before submission.
Choose a plagiarism checker tool and check your article in it before submission. This helps you to distinguish certain sections where you have missed a quote, taken out quotation marks or have used a paraphrase too similar to the real document. You may then take an appropriate measures to address any cases of possible plagiarism with ease.
Manage your citations by maintaining the records of the sources you refer.
- EndNote – https://endnote.com/
- Mendeley – https://www.mendeley.com/
- Refworks – https://www.refworks.com/
- BibTex – http://www.bibtex.org/
TIPS FOR AVOIDING PLAGIARISM
- When paraphrasing, make sure you don’t just change or rearrange a couple of words. Read the document you intend to paraphrase correctly. Start writing the idea down with your own words. Test the paraphrase to the original document to ensure that you haven’t used the exact words or terms unintentionally.
- Remember to follow the citation style guidelines and rules set by your instructor (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago).
- At the starting of the first sentence consisting a quote as well as paraphrase of another’s work, make it absolutely clear this is the idea of others (e.g., According to Smith . . . ).
- Ensure to provide in-text citations about all details obtained from the research of another author in your article. A typical citation in text involves the last name of the author as well as the source page number. At the later part of the last sentence, the in-text citation is placed having a quote or paraphrase from another’s work-example: (Jones, 127). For other examples of citations in text, verify with your instructor as well as librarian.
- Books: Print the database details of any books you can use for your paper while you utilize the library catalog to locate books; Catalog records keep providing brief data such as the author / s, title, publisher, as well as date of publication. The title and copyright pages may even be photocopied from the book that you need for your article. Notice the numbers of pages that you need to quote.
- Journal, Magazine & Newspaper Articles: keep a record of the articles you use for your paper online or in paper form. If you are using a library database post, you’ll need to provide the database details in your statement. The details from the database that you need to use may depends on the format type your instructor has stated. Many library databases do have citation tool which produces a citation automatically in the format you define. These citation tools are a good approach for modifying your references but they may still need to be “tweaked” as per the guidelines of your instructor.
- Web Sites: Take a copy of the web pages you utilize online or even in paper for your document. Ensure the exact page URL address is recorded on the website that is being used.
What is self-plagiarism?
This reuses a paper earlier turned in for one class and then submits the same paper or parts of that for additional lessons without instructor’s approval (self-plagiarism). Since it does not reach the point of real theft of the ideas of others, it can nevertheless create problems in the world of scholarly publishing. Self-plagiarism may often apply to the publishing in two cases (sometimes termed “duplicate printing”) of similar documents. In fact, it is good idea to carefully reference your past research, particularly though you are merely recreating an old concept or a previously written comment.
Why is self-plagiarism wrong?
Though certain ways of self-plagiarism can appear normal, there are threefold explanations for preventing this activity, from the conceptual to the practical:
1. The vital role of research papers
The strongest reason for avoiding self-plagiarism is about the credibility of the research record as well as the overall scientific discovery. It is generally recognized that any paper written should contain new insights and outcomes that improve our view of the universe. If your manuscript includes uncited reused data, then unspoken assumption that you will be addressing completely new discoveries.
2. Publisher rights-You cannot possess your own words
It is worth noting that in many journals, the standard publication method involves the surrendering of copyright of the finished paper to the publisher. If you are indeed the moral owner of the concepts and findings, the publisher owns the paper. So that it is not permissible to reuse the content without attribution and authorization. While this is problematic, reusing your own words is a copyright in the eyes of the law, even if you’ve written them. Open access journals generally utilize creative common licenses that enable reuse along with attribution.
3. Journals will catch it and will delay or block your publication process
The overwhelming majority of academic publications use iThenticate ® tools to search for plagiarized research after submission. Because once you copied text from a document that was already written, that would be highlighted throughout this phase. If you’re not rejected for the problem, it will induce a delay because the publisher asks you questions as well as you rewrite or otherwise recognize the reused content more easily. Reuse of your own vocabulary is permissible in such situations, but the initial text is still to be cited.
BEST TOOLS TO CHECK YOUR TEXT FOR PLAGIARISM
Grammarly is probably the perfect resource for both students and instructors to test for plagiarism. The Grammarly Plagiarism Checker is a comprehensive plagiarism checker used in the premium package for the Grammarly. The platform to check plagiarism is based on more than 16 billion web pages as well as academic papers that are saved in the ProQuest database. The tool will keep comparing your text to those databases to find sections in the database as well as online version that suit the contents.
Quetext emerged as a basic plagiarism or checker of content duplicates. Then it may have some of the amazing advantages, conversely, trying to make it one of the best plagiarism checkers. The ‘Checker’ of Quetext Plagiarism provides results which gives a good summary that are simple to understand. It highlights the resemblances, as well as shows a percentage of plagiarism.
Duplichecker is an online, completely free, plagiarism checker. For using this plagiarism checker, you could either import your document, but rather copy-paste text. Duplichecker is really easy to use, offering you immediate feedback (within a few seconds).This method is suitable for practitioners that outsource a lot of online material, including blog entries, and freelance writers’ web content.
Copyleaks Plagiarism Checker will analyze text online and run exhaustive internet searches and various repositories to locate related content, show only valid findings and help you stay free from plagiarism.Detect plagiarism, paraphrased text, and related text with the online plagiarism checker and utilize the advanced Artificial Intelligence ( AI) powered algorithms in 100 + languages.
PaperRater.com is being used in over 46 countries by schools and colleges to help the students develop their writing. Based on Artificial Intelligence, PaperRater incorporates identification of proofreading and plagiarism. It will check papers for syntax and spelling defects, get tips for writing and even get an essay assessed instantly – and all of this for free.
Plagiarisma is the leading global checker of plagiarism among authors, graduates, instructors, readers. Plagiarism Software gives you the comfort to check plagiarism for textual content of any kind.
It tool has the ability to detect plagiarism by comparing the text against trillions of Internet webpages. When you submit your content, it automatically runs it in seconds against any existing content on the web, trying to make it the most intelligent yet fastest plagiarism scanner you’ll ever find in your lifetime.
The PlagScan software is tailored to your needs. It assists in checking a text ‘s validity in only a few actions. This Software for Plagiarism Detection deals for all common file formats. This is simple to use.
Plagiarism checker is important to protect your published job. A plagiarism checker helps professors, students, website owners and everyone else who needs to secure their content.
Plagiarism Hunt scans the file or document for any copied information, and reports the plagiarism percentage for the first three plagiarism testing methods.