KEY THINGS TO NOTE WHILE WRITING A QUALITY ARTICLE IN A STANDARD WAY
- Attract the readers attention
- Be specific
- Keep it informative and concise
- Avoid jargon and abbreviations
- Original: Preliminary observations on the effect of Zn element on anticorrosion of zinc plating layer
- Revised: Effect of Zn on anticorrosion of zinc plating layer
- Remarks: Long title distracts readers. Remove all redundancies such as “observations on”, “the nature of”, etc
- Make the abstract first and be firm in it. At the same time, try not to modify the abstract depend on the flow of the paper.
- If it tends to change, it means you have not done the literature survey properly.
- Make the abstract to be below 300 words.
- Be precise in mentioning an unsolved issue as well as your solution for that issue.
- Keywords are the labels of your manuscript. Use only established abbreviations (e.g.DNA) and check the “Guide for Authors”
- Make sure it has all the answers related to your research questions like What? How? Why? etc.,
- The goal of the intro is to identify as well as to clear the research question.
- However, make your introduction with a clear outline of your problem.
The literature survey is considered to be the bone of standard article because it leads to the development of new and innovated ideas.
- More care is needed while making literature survey because it only proves how serious you are in your problem definition.
- Don’t just list all the algorithms used in related works.
- Make a clear description on techniques related to your work with their drawback and how it is addressed in your work.
- So choose papers that have issues that could be resolved in your proposed system.
- Some journals expect Yes/No based tabulations on features and their existence in existing and proposed systems.
- It should show the gap between your proposed work and the existing works.
- Make a precise but in-depth explanation of methodology.
- Create algorithms and pseudo-codes wherever necessitates with citations, if any.
- Build the flow to be continuous and don’t wander between concepts.
- Be connective in binding your concepts.
- Do not describe previously published procedures
- Thus, on introducing the new technique into your problem definition, make the origin of the technique more clearly. Don’t just start defining the technique into the problem. Embed it more carefully.
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
- The result should contain elaborated discussion.
- At least 3 parameters are expected to be discussed on efficiency analysis.
- Make a clear tabulation on data used to make those graphs and figures.
- Mention in detail about simulation if used.
- Hint on the data set with its source, if used.
- Sum up the analysis, results, findings as well as contributions from the previous literature.
- In conclusion, strengthen and emboss your paper by mentioning few things that make your paper stand out from others.
- It sounds good if your work worth start like “This is the first work implementing this technique”. Just for the illustration I have mentioned.
- Usually reputed journals expect more result and discussion part than that of the methodology part.
- Ensure all the figures in the article with high resolution.
- Make proper connectivity between sections in the article.
- Follow the rule of the journal thoroughly even while mentioning bibliography.
- The references should be listed in the order in which it is referred.
- In addition,order reference as it is referred.
Ensures those who helped in the research are recognized.
- Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based.
- Do not use too many references.
- Avoid excessive self-citations.
- Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region.
- Conform strictly to the style given in the Guide for Authors.
Steps need to taken care before writing a paper
First, the sentences should be taken care. For example,
- Present tense for known facts and hypotheses.
“The average life of a honey bee is 6 weeks”
- Past tense for experiments you have conducted.
“All the honey bees were maintained in an environment with a consistent temperature of 2 degrees centigrade…”
- Past tense when you describe the results of an experiment.
“The average life span of bees in our contained environment was 8 weeks…”
- Use active voice to shorten sentences.
Passive voice: “It has been found that there had been…”
Active voice: “We found that…”
- Avoid abbreviations: “it’s”, “weren’t”, “hasn’t” .
Never use them in scientific writing. Only use abbreviations for units of measure or established scientific abbreviations, e.g. DNA