What is Review paper?
A review article, generally referred to as a literature review, is a survey of existing research on a specific topic. It should provide an insight into current ideas on the topic and, unlike an original research article, will not include new results of the experiment.
- The primary goal of writing a review article is to analyze existing data or outcomes through analysis, modeling, classification, comparison, and summary.
- Writing a review article adds clarity, innovation, and contributions to the field of study, and it necessitates a complete understanding of the subject as well as a well-structured presentation of discussions and arguments.
- Review papers can assist in identifying research gaps and exploring prospective areas in a specific field.
- Any scholar, researcher, or scientist who wishes to conduct research on a certain topic should first study review papers related to that research area to understand the research gap and conclude a problem statement.
- It aids in deriving novel conclusions from previously published studies.
Things to consider while writing a review article
1. Check the aim and scope of the journal
Make sure you have read and followed the aims and scope of the journal you are submitting to. Different publications accept various types of articles, and not all will accept review articles, so double-check before you begin writing.
2. Define your scope
Define the scope of your review article and the research question you’ll be answering, making sure your article contributes something new to the field, it may be necessary to focus on recent advances if the field is well established.
3. Finding sources to evaluate
When finding sources to evaluate, it’s critical that you “use multiple search engines/databases so you don’t miss any important ones.”
4. Writing the title, abstract and keywords
Spend time writing an effective title, abstract and keywords. This will help maximize the visibility of your article online, making sure the right readers find your research. Your title and abstract should be clear, concise, accurate, and informative.
5. Introduce the topic
Gather research to inform your introduction and make it broad enough to reach out to a large audience of non-specialists. This will help maximize its wider relevance and impact. Don’t make the introduction too long.
6. Include critical discussion
Make sure to present a critical discussion of the topic, not just a descriptive summary. If there is conflicting research in the area of focus, include a debate element and represent both sides of the argument. You can also use your review article to reconcile the differences between studies.
7. Sum it up
Include recommendations for future research on the topic as part of the conclusion. Concentrate on communicating what you’ve learned and what issues still remain.
Steps in writing a review paper
1. Topic selection
Choose a relevant topic in your study field, set defined objectives, and develop particular research hypotheses to be investigated.
2. Research design
For any researcher, designing the research work is an important step. Create a clear methodology or protocol to review a review paper based on the objectives.
Detailed analysis and understanding of various published works assist the author in selecting appropriate and relevant data/results that are being used to write the paper.
4. Data analysis
Various levels of analysis are used to analyze the data that has been gathered. The analysis of characteristics, patterns, concepts, contrasts, and correlations between the study’s findings offers deeper understanding of that field of study.
For a good review paper, the interpretation of the results is crucial. The discussion should be presented by the author in a clear, methodical manner without any contradiction. Tables, figures, and descriptive text can all be used to present the results. A thorough examination of the subject in line with the principles should be included in the fresh insights. The author is then expected to discuss the limits of the current study and suggest potential future research.
Hope you’ll get a clear idea about how to write a good review article. Follow the above tips to get your article published.