Research Proposal Format – Universiti Malaysia Perlis

Universiti Malaysia Perlis

Applicants are requested to follow the following guidelines while developing the research proposal:

Major Elements

  • Introduction
  • Literature Review (or Background)
  • Procedure (or Methodology)
  • Others
  • Expected result
  • Discussion
  • Gantt chart


The “Introduction” tells the reader

  • What the project is about,
  • Why the project is worth doing, and
  • Why the project is a good topic for fulfilling the objectives of the research requirement. Also, the Introduction must also state clearly and completely the specific objectives of the project.

Literature Review

  • What kinds of research have been done before (including previous which can be accessed through the reference desk at the library)?
  • What relevant kinds of studies or techniques need to be mastered to do the project?
  • Where is the state of the art today?
  • How have others gone about trying to solve problems the project team wants to tackle, and in what ways will their approach build on and vary from previous work?
  • Ensures that you are not “reinventing the wheel”.
  • Gives credits to those who have laid the groundwork for your research.
  • Demonstrates your knowledge of the research problem.
  • Demonstrates your understanding of the theoretical and research issues related to your research question.
  • Shows your ability to critically evaluate relevant literature information.
  • Indicates your ability to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.
  • Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the conceptual framework for your research.
  • Convinces your reader that your proposed research will make a significant and substantial contribution to the literature (i.e., resolving an important theoretical issue or filling a major gap in the literature).


  • The Method section is very important because it tells your Research Committee how you plan to tackle your research problem. It will provide your work plan and describe the activities necessary for the completion of your project.
  • Must be sufficient information.
  • Appropriate and valid way to address your research.
  • Elaborate on qualitative and quantitative research.

Expected Results

Obviously, you do not have results at the proposal stage. However, you need to have some idea about what kind of data you will be collecting, and what statistical procedures will be used in order to answer your research question or test your hypothesis.


It is important to convince your reader of the potential impact of your proposed research. You need to communicate a sense of enthusiasm and confidence without exaggerating the merits of your proposal. That is why you also need to mention the limitations and weaknesses of the proposed research, which may be justified by time and financial constraints as well as by the early developmental stage of your research area.

Develop Gantt Chart for your Research Proposal


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