Research Proposal Format – Universiti of Teknologi Malaysia

Universiti of Teknologi Malaysia

Applicants are recommended to use the following structure when writing their research proposals:


It is the prelude information of a proposal. Its content reflects the research aim of the study.


It is a prelude that explains what is the concern of a study. What do you plan to study?. Why it is important to study the subject?.

Issues or Research Problem

The fundamental matter that you like to solve. You get the research problem for the synthesis of literature and/or from your expert Observation. Easy to elicit data.

Research Gap

Once a problem is encountered, a researcher foresees the gap of study that he or she would like to bridge through empirical investigation. A review of literature can ensure a researcher to define his or her study gap by analyzing what previous studies had examined and what has not been investigated.

Research Aim, Objectives, Questions, Hypotheses

A research aim is the purpose of a study. An objective emphasizes how aims are to be accomplished. A research question instigates an objective to attain. A research hypothesis is the statement created by researchers when they speculate upon the outcome of a research or experiment.

Assumptions and Delimitations

An assumption is a thing that is accepted as true. A delimitation is a definition you set as a boundary of your study.

Theoretical Framework including Underpinnings

Background and Scope of Study

Research Design and Methodology

It is the way in which you will structure your research and the specific methods you will use.

Research Significance

The contribution of your study is both in practical and theoretical adds-on.



An outline of the timescale of the research, indicating how long different tasks are envisaged to take, and the sequence of the project in the time available.


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